You are currently viewing Brazilian Gemstones: A Comprehensive Guide for the Curious Jewelry Lover

Brazilian Gemstones: A Comprehensive Guide for the Curious Jewelry Lover

What are Brazilian gemstones?

Gemstones are found all over the world, and Brazil is no exception. Brazil is one of the most prolific sources of gemstones on the planet, with a wide variety of different stones being mined there. Brazilian gemstones include some of the world’s most popular and well-known stones, such as amethyst, aquamarine, citrine, topaz, tourmaline, and turquoise. 

But many other lesser-known stones come from Brazil, such as chrysoprase, iolite, peridot, and zircon. Brazilian gemstones are worth considering whether you’re a jewelry lover looking for a unique piece or a gemstone collector seeking to add to your collection. Read on to learn more about these beautiful stones!

Brazilian gemstones

The history of Brazilian gemstones

Brazilian gemstones have been treasured since the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans, who used them in jewelry and other decorative objects. The first recorded find of Brazilian gems was in the first century AD when Pliny the Elder wrote about amethysts and topaz being found in what is now Rio de Janeiro. 

The name “Brazil” is thought to come from red quartz that was found there and used by early Portuguese explorers to make beads. These beads were then traded with the indigenous people for food and other supplies. Brazil became an important source of gemstones in the 17th century when diamonds were discovered in the country. 

Brazilian diamonds were so prized that they were used to adorn the crowns of European royalty. During this time, Brazil was also a significant source of emeralds, rubies, and sapphires. Today, Brazil is still an essential producer of gemstones, with a wide variety of stones being mined in the country. Some of the most famous Brazilian gemstones include amethyst, aquamarine, citrine, tourmaline, and topaz.

The Different Types of Brazilian Gemstones


amethyst pearl shape gemstone
Amethyst meaning has many benefits for many cultures around the world

Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz that ranges in color from pale lavender to deep purple. It is the most valuable variety of quartz and is the birthstone for February. Amethysts are found in many parts of the world, including Brazil, Canada, India, Madagascar, Namibia, Russia, Sri Lanka, and the United States. 

The name “amethyst” comes from the Greek word “amethystos,” which means “not intoxicated.” This name was given to the gemstone because it was thought to protect its wearer from drunkenness. Amethyst is a seven on the Mohs hardness scale and has good scratch resistance. It can be cleaned with warm soapy water or ultrasonic cleaners. Amethysts are found in many different types of jewelry, including engagement rings, wedding bands, pendants, earrings, and bracelets.


aquamarine and diamond earrings

Aquamarine is a blue or turquoise variety of beryl. It is most commonly found in shades of light blue but can also be found in bluish-green hues. The name aquamarine comes from the Latin words for “water” and “sea,” which is fitting given its sparkling ocean-like color. Aquamarine is the birthstone for March and is also associated with the astrological sign of Pisces. 

Brazil is one of the world’s leading sources of aquamarine. The state of Minas Gerais produces the majority of Brazil’s aquamarine, with notable deposits also found in Espirito Santo and Bahia. Aquamarine from Minas Gerais tends to be light to medium blue, while stones from Espirito Santo are usually darker blue or bluish-green. 

High-quality aquamarine gemstones are typically well-cut and have excellent clarity. They are also quite durable, with a hardness of 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale. It makes them suitable for use in various jewelry settings, including rings, earrings, pendants, and bracelets.


citrine pendant

Citrine is a variety of quartz that ranges in color from pale yellow to golden brown. It is the most affordable of all Brazilian gemstones, making it a popular choice for jewelry. Citrine is said to bring happiness and good fortune, making it a perfect gift for a loved one.



Found in only a handful of mines around the world, emerald is truly a rare gemstone. Brazil is one of the few places where emeralds can be found, and the quality of these Brazilian emeralds is some of the best in the world. Emeralds from Brazil tend to be deep green, with excellent clarity and transparency. 

They are often used in high-end jewelry and can command very high prices. If you’re lucky enough to find a Brazilian emerald for sale, it’s sure to be a beautiful and valuable addition to your jewelry collection.


Garnet Gold Ring 1

Garnet is found in many colors, but the most popular and valuable shade is still the deep red variety. Still, you can find garnet gems in just about every rainbow color, including shades of yellow, green, orange, pink, purple, and brown. While most people think of garnet as red, the gemstone’s wide color range makes it so popular with jewelry designers.

 No matter your taste or style preference, there’s sure to be a garnet gemstone that will suit your needs. In Brazil, the majority of garnet deposits are found in the state of Minas Gerais. This area is particularly well-known for producing large and high-quality gemstone specimens. 

If you’re interested in buying a Brazilian garnet gemstone for your jewelry collection, be sure to do your research and purchase from a reputable dealer. With so many different types of garnets on the market, it’s essential to know what you’re looking for before making a purchase.


Morganite is a variety of beryl that ranges from pale pink to peach. Its name is derived from the iconic American financier J. P. Morgan, an avid fan of the stone. Morganite is found in many locations worldwide, but some of the most notable sources are Brazil, Madagascar, and Mozambique. 

This gemstone is famous for its unique color and affordability, making it an excellent choice for those interested in incorporating more colorful gemstones into their jewelry collection. While morganite is not as hard as some other gemstones, it is still durable for everyday wear.


ethiopian opal

Opal is a type of Brazilian gemstone popular for its unique appearance. Unlike other gemstones, opals have a milky, translucent quality that makes them seem to glow from within. This quality is caused by how opal is formed: it is made up of tiny silica spheres arranged in a series of layers. 

As light hits these spheres, it reflects off them in different ways, creating the appearance of a vibrant, changing color. Opals are found in various colors, from fiery reds and oranges to tranquil blues and greens. No two opals are alike, and each stone has its unique pattern of colors. 

The most valuable opals are those with a strong play-of-color (the term used to describe how the colors seem to shift and change as the stone is moved). In addition to being used in jewelry, opals are also famous in other decorative items such as figurines and bowls. Thanks to their unique coloration, they can add a touch of luxury to any item they’re used in.


blue topaz gold ring

This variety of topaz is characterized by its unique pink coloration. It is found primarily in Minas Gerais, Brazil, and gets its hue from trace amounts of chromium. While Brazilian pink topaz can occur in a wide range of colors, from pale pink to deep reddish pink, the most coveted shade is often referred to as “Imperial” pink topaz. 

This term is derived from the fact that this display of color was once reserved for royalty. As with all colored gemstones, the intensity and saturation of the pink topaz’s hue will affect its value. Deeper and more vibrant colors are typically more valuable, but even pale specimens can be beautiful. 

Brazilian pink topaz is a relatively affordable gemstone, making it an excellent choice for those looking for a beautiful piece of jewelry on a budget.

Caring for Brazilian Gemstones

Proper care is essential for preserving the beauty of your Brazilian gemstone jewelry. Avoid contact with chemicals, such as household cleaners, cosmetics, and perfumes. Be sure to remove your gemstone jewelry before engaging in activities that could cause damage, such as sports and housework. 

Store your gemstone jewelry in a cool, dry place, such as a jewelry box or pouch. When cleaning your gemstones, use only a soft, lint-free cloth. Avoid using ultrasonic or steam cleaners, as they can damage some gemstones.


Caring for your Brazilian gemstones is critical to ensure they retain their natural beauty and luster. Cleanse your stones with mild soap and water, taking care not to scrub too harshly. You can also use a soft brush to remove any dirt or debris. 

Rinse well afterward and allow your gemstones to air dry completely. For more thorough cleaning, you can soak your stones in a diluted mixture of water and dish soap for about 15 minutes. 

Again, use a soft brush to remove dirt or oils, then rinse well and allow the stones to air dry. Avoid using harsh chemicals or cleaners, as they can damage the finish of your gemstone jewelry.


Proper storage is essential for keeping your Brazilian gemstones in good condition. As with all jewelry, it’s essential to keep them away from direct sunlight and heat, which can cause colors to fade over time. Gemstones should also be stored in a cool, dry place, out of reach of small children or pets who might damage them. 

The best way to store loose gemstones is in a soft cloth pouch or jewelry box lined with soft fabric. If you don’t have a pouch or box available, you can also wrap them loosely in a clean piece of cotton cloth. Do not use newspaper or other paper products to wrap your gemstones, as the ink can transfer and stain the stones. 

When storing Brazilian gemstone jewelry, keeping each piece in its pouch or box is vital to prevent scratching and damage. Make sure the pieces are not too close together in the storage container, as this could cause them to rub against each other and become damaged.


When it comes to protection, there are several things that you need to keep in mind. 

First, you should always store your Brazilian gemstones in a cool, dry place. If possible, keep them in a fabric-lined box or jewelry pouch. You should also avoid exposing them to harsh chemicals, extreme temperatures, and direct sunlight. 

Blue Sapphire Gemstones
Natural Loose Blue Sapphire Gemstone.

Second, you need to be careful when cleaning your Brazilian gemstones. Avoid harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners, as these can damage the stone’s surface. Instead, stick to gentle cleansers like warm soapy water or a mild jewelry cleaner. Always use a soft brush (such as a toothbrush) when cleaning Brazilian gemstones, and do not scrub too vigorously.

 Finally, it’s important to remember that Brazilian gemstones are relatively brittle and can easily be chipped or scratched if not handled carefully. To avoid damage, make sure to remove your gemstone jewelry before participating in any activities that could potentially cause harm (such as gardening or cooking).

Why you should consider Brazilian gemstones

When considering which gemstones to buy, it is essential to consider where they come from. A stone’s provenance can significantly impact its quality, value, and meaning. For example, many people seek out African diamonds because of their association with conflict and struggle. Similarly, some people may prefer to buy Brazilian gemstones because of their unique properties and rich history. 

Brazilian gemstones are some of the world’s most beautiful and coveted stones. Brazil is home to various gemstones, including amethyst, aquamarine, emerald, topaz, and tourmaline. These stones are treasured for their unique colors and patterns; many of them cannot be found anywhere else in the world. 

In addition to their beauty, Brazilian gemstones also have several unique properties. For example, Brazilian amethysts are said to have healing properties that can promote peace and calmness. Emeralds from Brazil are especially rare and valuable; they are often used in high-end jewelry and other luxury items. 

If you are interested in buying Brazilian gemstones, you should keep a few things in mind. 

First, finding a reputable dealer specializing in Brazilian stones is essential. It will ensure that you are getting high-quality stones at a fair price. 

Second, learning as much as possible about the different types of Brazilian gemstones before making a purchase is helpful. This way, you can be sure to choose the suitable stones for your needs and preferences.

Leave a Reply